The argument of second causes simply fails both philosophically and Scripturally. God is sovereign over all things (Exodus 4:11), but He is not the author of sin (1 John 1:5; cf. This condition existed when God created an angel called Lucifer who was without sin yet, freely chose to sin by rebelling against God. of sin; and at the same time, a disposer of the state of events, in such a manner, for wise, holy and most excellent ends and purposes, that sin, if it be permitted . But it … He hates sin (Proverbs 8:13). We are hardly, if at all, responsible for our actions in this case. 4. Edwards answers, "If by 'the author of sin,' be meant the sinner, the agent, or the actor of sin, or the doer of a wicked thing . A. Ezekiel 28:12-17. But, he argues, willing that sin exist in the world is not the same as sinning. . All sins are an offense to God, and they separate us from him (Isaiah 59:2). Concedes that which God Permits, He Authors: “But it is quite frivolous refuge to say that God otiosely permits them, when Scripture shows Him not only willing but the author of them.”[16] (emphasis added), “But the objection is not yet resolved, that if all things are done by the will of God, and men contrive nothing except by His will and ordination, then God is the author of all evils.”[17] (emphasis added), “They again object, Were not men predestinated by the ordination of God to that corruption which is now held forth as the cause of condemnation? In this sense, I utterly deny God to be the author of sin.”, But, he argues, willing that sin exist in the world is not the same as sinning. Recall from [chapter 8 in The Doctrine of God] the model of the author and his story: God’s relationship to free agents is like the relationship of an author to his characters. You keep bringing up that Calvinists teach that God decrees everything, foreordains everything, causes everything, including sin, all of which are accurate. H. Bonar, D. D. Genesis 3:1-6 Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share via Email Related Reading Give Feedback. He makes plain that it is sin for David to take a military census of his people, but he ordains that he do it (2 Samuel 24:1; 24:10). . And as we saw [in chapter 4] God does bring about sinful human actions. Edwards uses the terms “will of decree” and “will of command.” Edwards explains: [God’s] will of decree [or sovereign will] is not his will in the same sense as his will of command [or moral will] is. What Is Original Sin? God is Not the Author of Sin: An Anselmian Response to McCann. In other words, God is the entrance of sin into the world, but by no means whatsoever, by any stretch of the imagination, is He the author of sin into the world. Arguing that God is not the “author of sin,” he says, “the proximate cause is one thing, the remote cause another.” 5 Calvin points out that when wicked men steal Job’s goods, Job recognizes that “The LORD gave and the LORD has taken away; may the name of the LORD be praised.” Is God the Author of Sin? For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord. If all things occur because of the predestined will of God, and if even Adam and Eve’s original sin was according to the arrangement and good pleasure of God, then God must will and ordain sin. Is God the author of sin? Moral evil … God is not the author of evil. 45:7, "I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the Lord do all these [things]." Edwards says. In Christian views sin is an evil human act, which violates the rational nature of man as well as God's nature and his eternal law.According to the classical definition of St. Augustine of Hippo sin is "a word, deed, or desire in opposition to the eternal law of God.". It is the creature that introduces it. Adam's sin ( Genesis 3:1-6) consisted in his yielding to the assaults of temptation and eating the forbidden fruit. Nevertheless, today’s Calvinists expect the reader to simply accept his writings as true regardless of whether his statements are Biblical, sensible, or logical. Likewise, Adam and Eve, having been made by God without sin, listened to the devil and freely chose to sin against God (Gen. 3:1-6). Copyright © 2011 by Timothy Zebell. lib. Since sin is the transgression of divine law, for God to be a sinner or wrongdoer in this case, he must decree a moral law that forbids himself to be the author of sin, and then when he acts as the author of sin anyway, he becomes a sinner or wrongdoer. God is holy, and He cannot sin. “And this is the decision of reprobation, which does not at all make God the author of sin (a blasphemous thought! Katherin A. Rogers - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (3):300-310. We will look at the author of sin and evil and. Does this mean, then, that Satan created sin? Also, since God is eternal by nature (Psalm 90:2), He cannot stop being God. WCF 3.1. God opposes hatred toward his people, yet ordained that his people be hated in Egypt (Genesis 12:3; Psalm 105:25—“He turned their hearts to hate his people”). I cannot accept, even with chagrin, Calvinism that says God foreordains and renders certain specific sins. 28:13-15). God is a woman. Since sin is the transgression of divine law, for God to be a sinner or wrongdoer in this case, he must decree a moral law that forbids himself to be the author of sin, and then when he acts as the author of sin anyway, he becomes a sinner or wrongdoer. Vincent Cheung is a radical who writes provocative articles and books. will most certainly and infallibly follow.”, He uses the analogy of the way the sun brings about light and warmth by its essential nature, but brings about dark and cold by dropping below the horizon. But when we say he wills virtue, or loves virtue or the happiness of his creature; thereby is intended that virtue or the creature’s happiness, absolutely and simply considered, is agreeable to the inclination of his nature. 1 John 3:4 - Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law. Charge: Calvinism Makes God the Author of Sin. 7. His writings are filled with contradictions that are never fully explained. In his book The Author of Sin, he posts some thought-provoking ideas, yet at the same time skirts and even go beyond the bounds of orthodoxy. This comprehensive exploration of the doctrine of sin looks at what the Bible teaches about sin's origin, nature, and consequences, engaging with historical and contemporary movements. Thus we learn, even at the outset, that God is not the author of sin. 2:13). Galatians 5:16 - [This] I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. It implies that He is the author and source of evil, but not the author of sin. Contrary to the opinions of many, this issue is forever settled Biblically: God, by His very nature, attributes, and character, cannot possibly be the author of sin. explain why the world and man is in the mess he is in. If God is not the author of sin, then who is? Verses such as 1 Corinthians 14:33, Deuteronomy 32:4, and James 1:13 teach that God does not originate sin. So God, though he hates a things as it is simply, may incline to it with reference to the universality of things. “God, from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin, nor is violence offered to the will of his creatures, nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established” (3:1). If so, when they perish in their corruptions they do nothing else than suffer punishment for that calamity, into which, by the predestination of God, Adam fell, and dragged all his posterity headlong with him. In this sense, I utterly deny God to be the author of sin.” Why Those Who Mourn Are Blessed in God’s Kingdom, The Self-Pity and Irresponsibility of President Trump, A Simple Explanation of Divine Simplicity, What Does It Mean to Be Human? However, this is not to distance God from evil, for to "author" the sin implies far more control over the sinner and the sin than to merely tempt. The doctrine of sin is central to Christianity, since its basic message is about redemption in Christ. And he said to the woman, Yes, has God said… Thus we learn, even at the outset, that God is not the author of sin. 4. Recall from [chapter 8 in The Doctrine of God] the model of the author and his story: God’s relationship to free agents is like the relationship of an author to his characters. In this article, I would like to briefly analyze Cheung's argument for God … “God, from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of his own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin, nor is violence offered to the will of his creatures, nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes taken away, but rather established” (3:1). Since Satan himself is a created being, not an eternal being like God, that leaves us with some very perplexing questions. God may hate a thing as it is in itself, and considered simply as evil, and yet . But it is equally clear in the Bible that God is not the author of sin. Let us consider to what extent God’s relationship to human sin is like that of … Ben McEachen | June 20th, 2018 11:44 AM | Add a Comment. All Rights Reserved. The book of Hebrews was, of course, written to the Hebrew people. Reformed theologians, however, have also used the term, referring to God’s relation to sin. The following is from The Doctrine of God, Chapter 9, “The Problem of Evil,” by John Frame.The headings are added; the paragraphs are Dr. Frame’s. infallible word. Is not he, therefore, unjust in thus cruelly mocking his creatures? He hardens Pharaoh’s heart, but commands him to let his people go (Exodus 4:21; 5:1; 8:1). This is a fundamental truth that helps explain some perplexing things in the Bible, namely, that God often expresses his will to be one way, and then acts to bring about another state of affairs. 3. What it does say is: He can be the Creator or Author of evil as seen in Isa. it would be a reproach and blasphemy, to suppose God to be the author of sin. 3 cap. "God is not the author of confusion" (1 Corinthians 14:33)—and if that is true, He cannot in any way be the author of evil. . As a result of Adam's fall, sin entered the world. Therefore, even if God is the author of sin, it does not automatically follow that there is anything wrong with it, or that he is a wrongdoer. Thus in one sense God wills that what he hates come to pass, as well as what he loves. . God is the author of sin, it does not automatically follow that there is anything wrong with it, or that he is a wrongdoer. 7. His will of decree is his inclination to a thing not as to that thing absolutely and simply, but with reference to the universality of things. He is not the author of sin as that is against His character, His will and against His perfection as an omnipotent Creator God. Edwards answers, “If by ‘the author of sin,’ be meant the sinner, the agent, or the actor of sin, or the doer of a wicked thing . Yes, man is responsible for his wicked actions; and no, God is not the author of sin. Katherin A. Rogers - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (3):300-310. But it does not forthwith follow that God lies open to this charge.”[18] (emphasis added), “Thinking that the difficulty here may be resolved by a single word, some are foolish enough serenely to overlook what occasions the greatest ambiguity; namely, how God may be free of guilt in doing the very thing that He condemns in Satan and the reprobate and which is to be condemned by men.”[19] (emphasis added), “We learn that nothing happens but what seems good to God. However, the KJV’s word evil, from the original Hebrew rah, is better translated as “calamity.” The context of this passage concerns God’s sovereignty over natural disasters. He cannot deny Himself (2 Tim. Dave, I am not going to back off on this. He blogs at Between Two Worlds and Evangelical History. That inexorably, ineluctably, inescapably makes God the author of sin and evil. His permitting them, however, in no way makes God the author of sin. All sins are an offense to God, and they separate us from him (Isaiah 59:2). . It is clear that John Calvin is himself confused regarding this issue. I have shown that He wills the same as the criminal and the wicked, but in a different way. God from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy counsel of His own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain whatsoever comes to pass; yet so, as thereby neither is God the author of sin. Even on a philosophical basis, Calvin was unable to truly support his own argument. Likewise, Adam and Eve, having been made by God without sin, listened to the devil and freely chose to sin against God (Gen. 3:1-6). Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Nowhere does the Bible say that God is the author of sin. That, we just can’t have, says the Calvinist, end of discussion. God the Author of Sin? This video is a chapter out of Jesse's book, "The Natural Ability of Man: A Study on Free Will & Human Nature." 4), where he proves that the will of God is the supreme and primary cause of all things, because nothing happens without his order or permission.”[6] (emphasis added), “But when they call to mind that the devil, and the whole train of the ungodly, are, in all directions, held in by the hand of God as with a bridle, so that they can neither conceive any mischief, nor plan what they have conceived, nor how much soever they may have planned, move a single finger to perpetrate, unless in so far as [God] permits, nay, unless in so far as he commands; that they are not only bound by his fetters, but are even forced to do him service,—when the godly think of all these things they have ample sources of consolation.”[7] (emphasis added), “First, it must be observed that the will of God is the cause of all things that happen in the world; and yet God is not the author of evil.”[8] (emphasis added), “It is easy to conclude how foolish and frail is the support of divine justice by the suggestion that evils come to be not by His will, but merely by His permission. But if Satan created sin, then sin would be beyond God’s power and control, which the Bible also denies (Proverbs 16:4). C. Conclusion: God is not the cause of suffering; He is the author of good (James 1:13-17). AUTHOR OF OUR FAITH (Hebrews 12:2) AUTHOR OF PEACE (1 Cor. F.G.J. You can follow him on Twitter. Clearly this kind of theory makes God the author of sin. Let us … Of course, so far as they are evils … I admit they are not pleasing to God. 1. explain why the world and man … That was one of the controversial images presented in The Shack, author William Paul … An Anthropology of Embodiment, Happy New Year: “All Glory Be to Christ!”. So, God could not have created sin. Paul Helm - 1984 - Religious Studies 20 (2):215 - 222. . While the term "original sin" is not expressly stated in the Bible, the Christian doctrine of original sin is based on verses that include Psalm 51:5, Romans 5:12-21 and 1 Corinthians 15:22. Yet, Calvinist doctrine, carried out to its logical end, can leave one with no alternative to the conclusion that Almighty God is the author of sin. Before proceeding further, let us consider John Calvin’s argument of second causes in his own words. Please make sure all fields are filled out. . Justin Taylor is executive vice president for book publishing and publisher for books at Crossway. It is the creature that introduces it. This is the origin of sin (Isaiah 14:12-15; Ezek. I admit that by the will of God all the sons of Adam fell into that state of wretchedness in which they are now involved; and this is just what I said at the first, that we must always return to the mere pleasure of the divine will, the cause of which is hidden in himself. Though the author of Hebrews is unknown (many suspect it was Paul), the writer obviously had an exhaustive knowledge of the Old Testament since a great many Old Testament themes and citations are used. If you are asking because you are in debate with someone about this, I suggest you ask them to define sin and go from there. Julian of Norwich: Problems of Evil and … Given that John Calvin’s theology is based on a combination of Scripture, the experience of his heart, and the writings of Augustine, we can begin to understand why his writings are so full of contradictions. That Calvinists teach that God is not the author of sin is an irrefutable statement of fact! Many there are who believe that Satan is the author of sin; that because he was the first to sin against God, he is the father of everything that is evil. where it came from. God, as the primary and efficient cause of all things, is not only the Author of those actions done by His elect as actions, but also as they are good actions, whereas, on the other hand, though He may be said to be the Author of all the actions done by the wicked, yet He is not the Author of them in a moral and compound sense as they are sinful; but physically, simply and sensu diviso as … Most often, that someone is one's own self. God Does Not Author Sin But as we saw [in chapter 8] libertarian freedom is incoherent and unbiblical. That Calvinists teach that God is not the author of sin is an irrefutable statement of fact! For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 1 John 1:8-10 ESV / 695 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. James 4:7 - Submit yourselves therefore to God. It involved in it, (1) the sin of unbelief, virtually making God a liar; and (2) the guilt of disobedience to a positive command. . 9 Does God Ordain Sin? God’s Predestination Is According to His Secret Will: “Let him, therefore, who would beware of such unbelief, always bear in mind, that there is no random power, or agency, or motion in the creatures, who are so governed by the secret counsel of God, that nothing happens but what he has knowingly and willingly decreed.”[5] (emphasis added), “When [Augustine] uses the term permission, the meaning which he attaches to it will best appear from a single passage (De Trinity. Affirms that God is the Author of Evil: “It is easy to conclude how foolish and frail is the support of divine justice by the suggestion that evils come to be not by His will, but merely by His permission. ), but rather its fearful, irreproachable, just judge and avenger “ (Canons of Dordt, article 15). Conclusion. 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