It is supplication with thanksgiving, prayer with praise. ‘By this will all men know that you are My disciples, if you have love one to another’ (John 13:35). Jesus told Peter that after he was restored from his denial of Jesus, he would “strengthen” [same word] his brothers. "The practice seems to have been universal in those times.". God's words invite, solicit, and command assent; on them a man may confidently rely. Amen. Peace be unto you all that are in Christ. Blessedly called by Jesus, blessedly distinguished by Jesus, among the Apostles; no wonder Satan marked thee as an object to vent his hellish malice upon, with the most decided hatred. The Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Arabic versions read, "with an holy kiss"; and so some copies, as in Romans 16:16 and elsewhere; See Gill on Romans 16:16; and intends such a kiss, as is not only opposite to everything that is lascivious and impure, but is expressive of true love and affection, and is hearty and sincere: and such a love the Jews call, as the apostle does here, נשיקה דרחימו, "a kiss of love"F9Zohar in Exod. He pronounces his parting benediction upon them. Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity: see Romans 16:16 1 Corinthians 16:20 2 Corinthians 13:12. As I recall, a translated Latin phrase, “Seize the moment!” became the philosophy of a group of college students. "Peace" expresses the common Jewish blessing "Shalom." Goppelt, p354; Michaels, p313.]. 1 Peter 5:12 - Through Silvanus, our faithful brother (for so I regard him), I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God. And ended his prayer with a doxology to God, expressive of his supreme dominion over the universe, and all the things it contains. Note; (1.) He presents the salutations of the church at Babylon, whence he seems to have written this epistle. The word יחליפו, which we render renew, signifies change; they shall have for their own, his strength; a childlike believer, and his strong Saviour, are too hard for all that rises against them. "Peace" (flowing from salvation) was Christ's own salutation after the resurrection: from Him Peter derives it. Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. The well-instructed Christian looks to Jesus, Hebrews 12:2 looks off from all opposition and difficulties; looks above them to Jesus, the Author and Finisher of the faith of every soul which perseveringly cleaves to him. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity -, Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus -, Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity, Peace with you all, that are in Christ Jesus. The end of the First Epistle of St. Peter. For a full account of the custom, see Winer, Realw. Men are naturally desirous of glory, and gape after it; but they are naturally ignorant of the nature and place of it; they seek it where it is not, and, as Solomon says of riches, set their hearts on that which is not, Proverbs 23:5 has no subsistence nor reality. The other word Peter uses to describe our sufferings is "trial" (NIV, KJV) or "ordeal" (NRSV). “Hence,” says Origen, “the custom was handed down to the Churches that after prayers (so Justin Apol., i. too, 3 John 15). They are to reveal their chaste love for one another by a meaningful symbol of love rather than with a pretence that has no meaning. The reward of faithful ministers shall be eminently glorious; they shall shine as stars in the firmament for ever and ever. Goppelt, p354; Michaels, p313.]. 1P iP i Pet) 1 Peter 5 – For Shepherds and Sheep A. Note; They who have begun well, must take care to stand fast in the same grace which they have experienced. 1 Peter 5:14 Context. and versions. we cannot be brought to believe, and deeply take the impression of eternity; and that is our undoing. - Bib. Roger Hahn. Contrast "be with you all," Romans 16:24; 1 Corinthians 16:23. CLOSING GREETINGS (12-14) 1. Instead of the Pauline: ἐν ἁγίῳ φιλ., there is here: ἐν φιλ. and Codex Vatican. The matter or thing requested is expressed in divers brief words, Make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you; which, though they be much of the same sense, yet are not superfluously multiplied; for they carry the great importance of the thing, and the earnest desire in asking it. of the salutation occurs, whence Peter adopts it. The familial kiss probably forms the background to the NT practice, for all fellow-Christians were considered brothers and sisters. Inferences drawn from 1 Peter 5:10.—The apostle closes his divine doctrine and exhortations with prayer, which he addresses to the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus. l.c.) Cf. John Piper Nov 27, 1994 26 Shares Message. p. 486, 487. observes, a kiss and love differ, the one may be without the other, a mere compliment, a show of friendship, and not arise from sincere love. In calling it the "kiss of love" Peter not only brings out the meaning of kiss ("kiss," philema in Greek, comes from phileo, a verb indicating familial and friendly as opposed to erotic love), but also expresses the proper relationship among the members of the Christian community ("love" here is the typical Christian term for love, agape, used also in 1 Peter 1:22; 1 Peter 4:8)." The True Grace of Christian Camaraderie. First Peter focuses on the importance of believers bearing up under unjust suffering yet continuing to live well (1 Peter 2:20). Peter wrote this letter. Edit. Note that it is not sufficient to formally kiss one another’s cheeks, it must be a kiss of genuine love. 57, 12). But the God of all grace, the Fountain and Giver of it to all that believe, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, has invited us to partake of unutterable blessedness in his presence for ever through the redemption obtained by his dear Son—after that ye have suffered a while, make you by this means, under the influences of his Spirit, perfect in holiness, stablish you in the truth, strengthen your hearts with his grace, and settle you on the true foundation by the full assurance of faith and hope. God will put you back together after the trial so that you will be useful to Him. Salute one another with a kiss of love. They who would profit others by their preaching, must second it by their examples, else how can we think others will believe us, if it appear by our ill-conduct that we do not believe ourselves? The meaning of life 2; The Millennium 1; The Purpose of the Church 1; The Rapture 1; The Reformation 1; The Resurrection 3; The Return of Christ 5; The Spirit 1; The Three Crosses 1; The unpardonable sin 1; Things 1; Thinking 4; Tragedies 1; ... 1 Peter 1:6-9. Rather, what is commanded is a pure attitude when we extend our greetings to … Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity. Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. It still is today in many parts of the world. It weighs down all labour and sufferings in the way, so far, that they are not once worth the speaking of in respect of it. None should ever enter the ministry by constraint, at the solicitation of friends, or as bred to it for a maintenance, but as prompted by a desire to glorify God, and to be instrumental in the salvation of lost souls. 1 Peter 5:14. Amen B. Though thou art weak, he is strong: it is he that strengthens thee, and renews thy strength,—makes it fresh, and greater than ever before. Dear Peter, thou wert an elder indeed, when as in this Chapter, thou didst exhort the elders. The members of the church are by turns to greet one another (not each other in Peter’s name) with the kiss of charity, thus testifying to their brotherly love for each other (see Meyer on 1 Corinthians 16:20). I Shall sum up the contents of this chapter in the words of a good commentator: "Because the knowledge and good behavior of the people depend, in a great measure, upon the kind of instruction which they receive from their teachers, the apostle in this chapter addressed the elders, that is, the bishops, pastors, rulers, and deacons among the brethren of Pontus, etc., 1 Peter 5:1, exhorting the bishops in particular to feed the flock of God committed to their care faithfully, and to exercise their episcopal office, not as by constraint, but willingly; not from the love of gain, but from love to their Master and to the flock, 1 Peter 5:2; and not to lord it over God's heritage, but to be patterns of humility and disinterestedness to the people, 1 Peter 5:3. This epistle opens and closes with a prayer for peace (cf. And as he is the God of sanctifying grace in the beginning and growth of it, so also the God of supporting grace, that supervenient influence, without which the graces we possess would fail us in the time of greatest need. The letter teaches, for example, that Christ is the Stone rejected by the builder (2:7-8; Acts 4:10-11), and that Christ is no respecter of persons (1… And having desired them to salute one another, he concluded with giving them his apostolical benediction, 1 Peter 5:14." Greet one another with a kiss of love. To get what 1 Peter 5:14 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. Perhaps you have seen “The Dead Poet’s Society,” a movie my wife and I saw some time ago. "What a wonderful way to end a letter that announced the coming of a fiery trial!" Written from Rome. Peace with you all, that are in Christ Jesus; who were chosen in him before the foundation of the world; and appeared to be in him by the effectual calling; and were at least by profession in him, and were in Christ mystical, and incorporated in a Gospel church; the Arabic version reads, "who are in the love of Jesus Christ". 1. Ver. Princ. Elsewhere Paul usually gives ‘grace’ where Peter has ‘peace’ here. Now he bids this to be the kiss of love, (58) so that the sincerity of the heart might correspond with the external act. Ἀγάπης) of sacred love.— εἰρήνη, peace) שלום, that is, I pray for your salvation: farewell. 14. Close. Stablish, has more express reference to both the inward lightness and inconstancy which is natural to us, the counterblasts of persecutions and temptations, and to outward oppositions; and imports the curing of the one, and support against the other. Peace be with you all that are. ", —In token of Christian love, exchanged only between persons of the same sex. Romans 16:16; 1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; 1 Thessalonians 5:26). The First of Peter. . 1 Peter 5:14. ἀγάπης) of sacred love.— εἰρήνη, peace) שלום, that is, I pray for your salvation: farewell.(44). His name was Simon, but Jesus changed it to Peter (John 1:42). kiss of charity — Romans 16:16, “an holy kiss”: the token of love to God and the brethren. Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus - That are true Christians. "In the ancient world kisses were normally exchanged among family members (parents and children; brothers and sisters; servants and masters) and at times between rulers and their clients. And I, too, will share in his glory when he is revealed to the whole world. 13 The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Marcus my son. Peter has written to them briefly a. (2.) The word Rome is only the supposed interpretation of the word Babylon, as in 1 Peter 5:13, which see. That which we have just finished is an admirable letter, containing some of the most important maxims and consolations for the Church in the wilderness. Compare the instance, Acts 20:37. Stand firm in it! Had one man continued from the creation to the end of the world, in the top of earthly dignity and glory, admired by all; yet, at the end, everlasting oblivion being the close, what nothing were it to eternal glory! The word “trial” is not in the Greek, but is implied by the context. What does 1 Peter 5:14 mean? The First Catholic Epistle of Peter the apostle is ended. To these the apostle wishes peace, temporal, spiritual, and eternal. When temptations have almost made a breach, and are on the point of entering with full force and violence, he lets in so much present help on a sudden, as makes them give back and disappear. It was the Father's good pleasure, that in him should all fulness dwell (Colossians 1:19), and that for us, that we might know whither to go, and where to apply for it. Salute one another in (as the medium of salutation) a kiss of love (see on ref. He exhorts them to fervent love among themselves. The Greek noun peirasmos can mean (1) "an attempt to learn the nature or character of something, test, trial," or (2) "an attempt to make one do something wrong, temptation, enticement to sin." He addresses himself to the younger, and all private members of the church. See Dr. Macknight. The benediction itself somewhat resembles that in Ephesians 6:24. The Biblical Illustrator. 1 Peter 5:13–14 March 16, 2017. And (we pray!) This affectionate kissing was normally on the cheeks, forehead, or hands. In Christ Jesus; united to him by faith, and members of him. “Confirm” means to fix, set fast, or strengthen. All that is here so named, is no more than a name, a shadow of glory; it cannot endure the balance, but is found too light; as was said of a great monarch, Daniel 5. with greet all the brethren with an holy kiss (1 Thessalonians 5:26; cf.1 Corinthians 16:20; 2 Corinthians 13:12; Romans 16:16). But ten or twelve MSS., with the Syriac, Arabic, Armenian, and Vulgate, have ἁγιῳ, holy; salute one another with a Holy kiss. The first, Perfect, implies more clearly than the rest, their enjoyment of that perfect love which casteth out all fear that hath torment. They who in faith resist the devil, will find the weakness of all his efforts; and that before this terrible shield he will be compelled to fly. If we would heed the command of 1 Peter 5:6 and truly humble ourselves under the mighty hand of God, we would have far fewer cares to cast upon Him as invited in 1 Peter 5:7. See note on, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. Amen, as is common; the apostle wishing that this might be the case, and believing that it would be. Kiss of charity (Romans 16:16, "an holy kiss") - token of love to God and the brethren. 1 Peter 5:13. PARTING PRAYER. It is the wisdom of young men to pay deference and obedience to the advice and admonitions of their more aged and experienced friends. When the enemy comes in as a flood, the Spirit of the Lord lifts up a standard against him (Isaiah 59:19. He is so rich, and withal so liberal, that he delights that we seek and draw much from him; and it is by believing and praying that we do draw from him: were these plied, we should soon grow richer. Yes, all of you be submissive to one another, and be clothed with humility, for … Whom resist, stedfast in the faith, lifting up this impenetrable shield against all the fiery darts of the wicked one, and encouraged by the examples and the victories of our suffering Fellow-Christians; knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world; they war against the same enemy, and are supported by the same Divine power. That the Apostle Peter is the author of 1 Peter however, is certain. Scripture: 1 Peter 5:8–14. Const., ii. And the Lord be praised for every single instance, where both have been made blessed to the Church, in teaching, by so remarkable an example, the weakness of our poor nature in the greatest of men; and the strength of divine grace, in recovering the Lord's people in the most desperate cases. Amen! This is not a call for formalities, but a plea for oneness. that adds much! Rom. This epistle opens and closes with a prayer for peace (cf. " The peace in view is primarily the well-being of the soul, the harmony of the recipients with the Father in heaven. He is the God of all grace.   Bengel, J. Then he steps in, and opposes his strength to a prevailing and confident enemy, who is at the point of insulting and triumph. 1. elders--alike in office and age ( 1 Peter 5:5). Peter advises them not to regard those fiery trials as something peculiar. He now in like manner concludes, and wishes peace unto such of them as were Christians, and continued faithful. Author – Date: The opening verse of the epistle claims it was written by Peter, who was clearly the leader among Christ’s apostles. To grow solid through suffering, humble yourself before God (5:6-7). In *New Testament times many people could speak and read the *Greek language. These people have walked through the fire of persecution for their faith. Love and holiness are inseparable. 3. For full discussion of this principal theme of the New Testament, see in my Commentary on Romans, especially in Romans 3, pp. Victory in Jesus 1 Peter 5: 6-11 We have considered much in our time moving through Peter’s first epistle. (4.) See note on Romans 16:16. Scripture: 1 Peter 5:12–14. Jesus charged Peter to feed his sheep in John 21. It is here fit, as in statues, to measure the man with the basis on which he stands; and there is no taking the right measure of a Christian but that way. 1 Peter 5:14 "Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity. The Christian Fathers, too, speak of it as the ‘kiss of peace,’ or the ‘kiss in the Lord.’ The practice of saluting with a kiss was as common in the ancient East, and specially among the Jews, as is the custom of saluting with hand-shaking in the modern West. The erotic kiss is secondary and not stressed in the literature. With a kiss of love (εν πιληματι αγαπης en philēmati agapēs). Commentary on 1 Peter 5:10-14 (Read 1 Peter 5:10-14) In conclusion, the apostle prays to God for them, as the God of all grace. Therefore it was regulated (Apost. By the addition of τοῖς ἐν χρ., the πάντες are designated according to their nature as such, who live in union with Christ, and to whom, therefore, the benediction here pronounced belongs. Him by faith, and be clothed with humility, for all fellow-Christians were considered and... 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